Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS is often called “spastic colon.” It is often difficult to diagnose because it is frequently mistaken for colitis or ulcerative colitis (pre-cancer) or Crohn’s disease. It affects the large intestine and typically presents with abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhoea and constipation. Irritable bowel is a chronic gut condition characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and alternating bouts of diarrhoea and constipation. Irritable bowel is often a functional intestinal disorder.

Around 12 per cent of all adults in the United States suffer from IBS, which means that one in every thirteen American adults may have IBS. Irritable bowel can be triggered by stress, anxiety, alcohol abuse, medications and bowel parasites (colleagues). Stress can change the intestinal microflora from average, which may result in changes that trigger IBS symptoms. Some medications may also cause changes that trigger IBS; these medications include antibiotics, phenytoin used to treat epilepsy, estrogen contraceptive pills, lithium, and corticosteroids, all of which alter the normal gut flora.

1. Diarrhea and constipation

When a person experiences diarrhoea and the IBS symptoms, her digestive system is not functioning correctly. When the colon is not moving correctly, waste materials are not eliminated properly, resulting in food particles’ absorption. This can cause abdominal pain and cramping. If constipation is present along with bloating and abdominal pain, the intestines’ irritation is likely the cause.

2. Abdominal pain and cramping

Patients who do not experience the typical signs and symptoms of IBS such as abdominal pain and often bloating times misdiagnose themselves. Many other conditions can cause similar abdominal pain and discomfort. For instance, gallstones, tumours, cysts, enlarged adenoids, and acute infection can also cause abdominal pain and discomfort, mistaken for IBS symptoms.

3. Excessive gas and bloating

Patients may feel bloated from having an improperly functioning intestine. They may experience severe abdominal pains, as well. Although diarrhoea is common with IBS, patients may also experience severe cramping when constipated. There is no definitive test to determine whether or not you have IBS, but knowing your symptoms is essential so that you can rule out other conditions.

4. Depression

Many individuals with this condition tend to be extremely sad and moody most of the time. If you have IBS, you may also experience irritable bowel symptoms of anxiety and stress, including restlessness and a constant feeling of dread. These feelings may increase to the point where you become aggressive and unpredictable. Many individuals who experience these symptoms also report thoughts of suicide.

5. Brain patches of fog

Brain fog is defined as having a hard time concentrating or remembering things. People with brain fog cannot concentrate on specific tasks and find it hard to remember things. IBS often say that they are overwhelmed by a constant feeling of emotions, such as stress, anxiety, fear, or worry. When a person experiences these intense feelings always, they are said to have brain fog. A person with brain fog is likely to have difficulty concentrating, performing simple tasks, and even being unable to perform their daily activities.

6. Altered bowel movement habits

If you have constipation, likely, you will also experience diarrhoea at times. Sometimes, the affected person may also suffer from abdominal pain. Some people may even feel bloated for days on end, and their clothes may get wrinkled and relaxed. These symptoms may be caused by an unhealthy colon full of mucus, toxins, and waste materials.

7. Abnormal mucus production, or diarrhoea.

The abnormal mucus production is one of the primary signs and symptoms of IBS. Diarrhoea can occur in conjunction with constipation, or it can occur on its own. Some people with IBS experience only regular diarrhoea, while others suffer from severe diarrhoea that they believe is caused by IBS. People who are suffering from diarrhoea due to IBS have reported digestive problems during pregnancy and after childbirth.

8. Changes in their diet

If a person notices that they are constipated and experiencing cramping, this could be one of the possible IBS symptoms. Typically, constipation and IBS symptoms are thought to be caused by the intestines and the brain’s interaction. Since the gut is believed to be connected to the brain, if the brain is malfunctioning, a person could suffer from IBS symptoms.

9. Bloating

Many people who suffer from IBS have a constant and irritating feeling in their abdomen from constipation. Other people have a bloating sensation from not getting enough fibre in their diet or being on laxatives. For these people, it can be nearly impossible to control. When the bowels are always full, there is simply no way for the processed food to pass through and thus bloating occurs.

10. Chronic fatigue syndrome.

CFS is an auto-immune disease that causes an imbalance between the immune system and the body’s other organs. This makes the functions of the other organs less efficient.

Foods to avoid
People who are prone to having IBS should avoid foods that seem to aggravate their IBS symptoms. These may include
dairy products
spicy foods
These foods trigger IBS-like symptoms in some people, making it difficult for them to determine when they are genuinely suffering from irritable bowel disease (IBS).

In addition to treating IBS signs and symptoms, many doctors also use diet to treat and prevent this disorder. A person with this disorder is more likely to suffer from diarrhoea and constipation than those who do not have IBS. A low-fat, fibre-enriched diet may help reduce the risk of IBS; you can avoid stress because it can cause abdominal pain, which makes the situation even worse. Remember that a change in diet is just one of the many treatment options available for IBS signs and symptoms.

What else could it be?
The signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are sometimes confused with functional dyspepsia. A fast bowel movement, or diarrhoea, is one of the main symptoms of IBS. However, constipation is not common in all cases of IBS. Patients who are constipated are likely to experience muscle cramping, as well. Spasms of the colon can also occur, with the discomfort usually coming on immediately after passing gas. Patients may also feel the urge to go to the bathroom during the night.